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英単語 July 24, 2015

英単語

Below is the list of English words I looked up while reading page 1~5 of Style: Lessons in Clarity and Grace (Eleventh Edition) by Joseph M. Williams and Joseph Bizup.

 

turgid

adjective
1. swollen; distended; tumid. 腫れ上がった
2. inflated, overblown, or pompous; bombastic: turgid language.
 <言語・文体など>誇張した
adv. turgidly

 

pedantic

adjective
1. ostentatious in one's learning.
2. overly concerned with minute details or formalisms, especially in teaching.

学者ぶった、物知り顔の

 

emulate

verb (used with object), emulated, emulating.
1. to try to equal or excel; imitate with effort to equal or surpass: <...と>競う、張り合う、<...を>(負けないように)熱心に見習う、まねる
    to emulate one's father as a concert violinist.
2. to rival with some degree of success:
    Some smaller cities now emulate the major capitals in their cultural offerings.
3. Computers.
  1. to imitate (a particular computer system) by using a software system, often including a microprogram or another computer that enables it to do the same work, run the same programs, etc., as the first.
  2. to replace (software) with hardware to perform the same task.

 

anatomize

verb (used with object), anatomized, anatomizing.
1. to cut apart (an animal or plant) to show or examine the position, structure, and relation of the parts; display the anatomy of; dissect. (動物体を)解剖する
2. to examine in great detail; analyze minutely:<...を>分析(分解)する、詳しく調べる
    The couple anatomized their new neighbor.

 

obfuscate

verb (used with object), obfuscated, obfuscating.
1. to confuse, bewilder, or stupefy.<人を>当惑[困惑]させる
2. to make obscure or unclear:(問題などを)不明瞭にする、わかりにくくする
 to obfuscate a problem with extraneous information.
3. to darken.(心などを)暗くする;(判断などを)曇らせる
 
Definitions of these words are from Dictionary.com.

http://dictionary.reference.com/

If you wish to learn more definitions and details on word roots, please use OED.