Below is the list of English words I looked up while reading page 1~5 of Style: Lessons in Clarity and Grace (Eleventh Edition) by Joseph M. Williams and Joseph Bizup.
1. swollen; distended; tumid. 腫れ上がった
2. inflated, overblown, or pompous; bombastic: turgid language.
1. ostentatious in one's learning.
2. overly concerned with minute details or formalisms, especially in teaching.
1. to try to equal or excel; imitate with effort to equal or
to emulate one's father as a concert violinist.
2. to rival with some degree of
Some smaller cities now emulate the major capitals in their cultural offerings.
- to imitate (a particular computer system) by using a software system, often including a microprogram or another computer that enables it to do the same work, run the same programs, etc., as the first.
- to replace (software) with hardware to perform the same task.
1. to cut apart (an animal or plant) to show or examine the position, structure, and relation of the parts; display the anatomy of; dissect. （動物体を）解剖する
2. to examine in great detail; analyze minutely:＜...を＞分析（分解）する、詳しく調べる
The couple anatomized their new neighbor.
1. to confuse, bewilder, or stupefy.＜人を＞当惑[困惑]させる
2. to make obscure or unclear:（問題などを）不明瞭にする、わかりにくくする
to obfuscate a problem with extraneous information.
3. to darken.（心などを）暗くする；（判断などを）曇らせる
If you wish to learn more definitions and details on word roots, please use OED.