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英単語 August 12, 2015

レズビアン・ゲイ・クィア研究 英単語

Below is the list of vocabulary I looked up while reading pp. 49-56 from Judith Halberstam's In a Queer Time and Place: Transgender Bodies, Subcultural Lives.

flaunt

verb (used without object)
1. to parade or display oneself conspicuously, defiantly, or boldly.
2. to wave conspicuously in the air.
verb (used with object)
3. to parade or display ostentatiously:
to flaunt one's wealth.
4. to ignore or treat with disdain:
He was expelled for flaunting military regulations.
noun
5. the act of flaunting.
6. Obsolete. something flaunted.
 
ostentatious
adjective
1. characterized by or given to pretentious or conspicuous show in an attempt to impress others:
an ostentatious dresser.
2. (of actions, manner, qualities exhibited, etc.) intended to attract notice:
Lady Bountiful's ostentatious charity.
 
conspicuous
adjective
1. easily seen or noticed; readily visible or observable:
a conspicuous error.
2. attracting special attention, as by outstanding qualities or eccentricities:
He was conspicuous by his booming laughter.
 
emancipate
verb (used with object), emancipated, emancipating.
1. to free from restraint, influence, or the like.
2. to free (a slave) from bondage.
3. Roman and Civil Law. to terminate paternal control over.
 
per se
adverb
1. by, of, for, or in itself; intrinsically:
This candidate is not a pacifist per se, but he is in favor of peaceful solutions when practicable.
 
end point
noun
1. a final goal or finishing point; terminus.
2. Chemistry. the point in a titration usually noting the completion of a reaction and marked by a change of some kind, as of the color of an indicator.
 
prerogative
noun
1. an exclusive right, privilege, etc., exercised by virtue of rank, office, or the like:
the prerogatives of a senator.
2. a right, privilege, etc., limited to a specific person or to persons of a particular category:
It was the teacher's prerogative to stop the discussion.
3. a power, immunity, or the like restricted to a sovereign government or its representative:
The royal prerogative exempts the king from taxation.
4. Obsolete, precedence.
adjective
5. having or exercising a prerogative.
6. pertaining to, characteristic of, or existing by virtue of a prerogative.
 
stricture
noun
1. a remark or comment, especially an adverse criticism:
The reviewer made several strictures upon the author's style.
2. an abnormal contraction of any passage or duct of the body.
3. Phonetics. a constriction of airflow in the vocal tract in the production of speech.
4. a restriction.
5. Archaic. the act of enclosing or binding tightly.
6. Obsolete, strictness.
 
placate [pley-keyt, plak-eyt]
verb (used with object), placated, placating.
1. to appease or pacify, especially by concessions or conciliatory gestures:
to placate an outraged citizenry.
 
inconsequential
adjective
1. of little or no importance; insignificant; trivial.
2. inconsequent; illogical.
 
strenuous
: requiring or showing great energy and effort
1 a :  vigorously active :  energetic
   b :  fervent, zealous <his most strenuous supporters>
2    :  marked by or calling for energy or stamina :  arduous <a strenuous hike>
stren·u·os·i·ty \ˌstren-yə-ˈwä-sə-tē\ noun
stren·u·ous·ly  \ˈstren-yə-wəs-lē\ adverb
stren·u·ous·ness noun
 
Examples
  1. Avoid all strenuous exercise until the sprain heals.
  2. Today has been a very strenuous day.
  3. The proposal has faced strenuous opposition.

 

 salubrious

: making good health possible or likely

:  favorable to or promoting health or well-being <salubrious habits>
sa·lu·bri·ous·ly adverb
sa·lu·bri·ous·ness noun
sa·lu·bri·ty \-brə-tē\ noun
 
Example
   1. fresh air and exercise are always salubrious
 

If you wish to learn more definitions and details on word origins, please use OED.